cds list pill buy zithromax online buy lasix with potassium in it online how to get nolvadex in london what is socialism in america the copyright 50 vs 100 mg clomid comprar viagra internet sem receitas buy propecia pills online order to viagra in delhi sildenafil ratiopharm 100 mg comprar is 5mg of finasteride too much order viagra trial inderalici 10 mg reacciones secundarias glucophage 500 mg para bajar de peso can you take folic acid while on clomid metformin hcl 500 mg description comprare viagra pagamento contrassegno gelato biquelle xl 50 mg zoloft cialis online united states tadalafil best price pharmacy how to use accutane viagra pfizer uk jobs doxycycline 400 mg per day azopt tem generico do viagra accutane rowcmoadreders reviews ramilich comp 5mg 25 mg of zoloft generic viagra for him and her hochu v viagra smotret online dotur 100mg doxycycline lasix 20 mg tablet price uk brand viagra real viagra online reviews viagra cialis kamagra kaufen powered by smf 1 1 2 1000 mg metformin weight loss doxycycline price 250 mg donde puedo comprar viagra para mujeres en mexico can i get viagra on nhs prescription 50 mg zoloft safe pregnancy detox cual es el nombre generico de lasix como usar cytotec via sublingual ciprofloxacin solubility in dcm clomid price in india acquisto viagra in contanti ciprofloxacin brands in india zithromax compresse costo prednisolone rectal foam viagra sales in spain viagra online prescription required for nebulizer how to get pregnant with twins while on clomid problemas de comprar viagra por internet buy viagra ny city party with cialis 20 mg lasix 40 mg purpose how many mg in cialis c50 maximum dose for daily cialis mexico ultra brand sildenafil 100mg is 5 mg prednisone enough for a gout flare ureaplasma urealyticum traitement zithromax for sinus tadalafil in drug test ms specialists in michigan can clomid cause uterine fibroids propecia generic canada costco generieke cialis 10 mg buy zovirax eye cream doxycycline dosage for sinus infections clomid causes delayed ovulation prijs cialis in apotheek igroton 25 mg effetti collaterali zoloft zithromax and ceftin together fertility clinic london clomid and iui scherzartikel viagra for sale cialis liquid for women order praivecy viagra of use in pakistan propranolol 40 mg ansiedad zithromax at walmart otc viagra cost retail ciprofloxacina generica oq o viagra pode causar usage of viagra tablets dapoxetine usage statistics manufacturers of generic zoloft cost real viagra cipro for ear infection in adults is prednisone safe to take for 5 days where i buy viagra glucophage 500 mg powder to buy viagra online empfehlungen viagra online kauf clip 500 mg metformin indian sildenafil tablets 100 aviant jarabe generico de cialis minoximen 5 propecia online priligy en colombia viagra jelly uk cheapest what is the standard dosage for cialis ovarian cyst clomid treatment dapoxetine dosage for premature ejaculation viagra buy ireland online cialis 20 mg price walmart finasteride hair loss baldness tablets for sale arrays armslist generics for accutane how to make viagra in hindi mace nyc buy viagra buying viagra in tiajuana mexico best place order cialis online online prescription drugs cipro cytotec drug usage is there an over the counter medicine like clomid doxycycline dosage for dental bijsluiter calci chew 500 mg metformin viagra shop malaysia viagra online india snapdeal coupons ocupress generico do viagra mutual pharmaceutical doxycycline hyclate 100mg viagra drops reviews cialis price in pakistan generic viagra worked for me 5mg generic cialis online order genuine viagra doxycycline monohydrate reviews acne can you break prednisone in half kandungan glucophage xr cost of iui with clomid and ovidrel cheap viagra brooklyn where can you find cytotec in lusakazambia accutane dosage and length of time que efecto causa la pastilla cytotec posso comprare il viagra senza ricetta medica generic viagra sales in south africa altri usi del viagra generic how long before sex do you take cialis can you buy viagra out the store minoxidil propecia and nizoral shampoo cialis 5 ml artrodar generico do viagra omeprazole over the counter substitute for prednisone brand cialis brand cialis 10mg without prescription netbeans jcombobox generics for zoloft when should one take clomid opiniones viagra online glucophage non generic order finasteride minoxidil usa made viagra can u get high off doxycycline comprare pillole cialis cialis discount us where can i buy viagra without prescription in dublin sale speziato cipro ampho moronal 100 mg beipackzettel ciprofloxacin does doxycycline hyclate treat pid zoloft price in usa glucophage 500 mg uses best price viagra thailand how to counteract mood changes prednisone tadalafil effets secondaires comprare viagra line opinioni viagra spray for men where to buy qual a melhor dosagem de viagra viagra indian brands in ruppes stop prednisone at 30 mg sandoz sildenafil uk 50 mg price cost generic sildenafil doxycycline oesophagitis treatment donde comprar cialis en miami zithromax 500mg cost nigeria can you get clomid over counter buy cheap generic cialis what is generic for metformin viagra male pill for sale esempio prescrizione viagra for sale what does generic viagra pills look like metformin 750 mg sr zoloft safe anxiety diabetes patient can use viagra generic viagra 25 mg para que se usa cytotec 200 oral use of ampicillin and cloxacillin stores in lahore where cialis is available bell s palsy prednisone mg tabs where can i get viagra in miami viagra nz online order vibramycin online boleto turistico cusco donde comprar viagra is there any danger in taking cialis viagra in health care reform cialis cum generic minuteviagra us com viagra para que sirve propranolol 10 mg bad zoloft reviews stein costa rica viagra has anyone brought viagra of craigslist in vancouver bc generic cialis quotthe new way to businessquot overnight delivery cialis generic can clomid cause negative opk quais os efeitos do generico do viagra viagra over counter in johannesburg can zoloft really work forgot to take clomid today cipro 250 mg for uti with metoprolol accutane causes blindness over the counter pills that work as good as viagra viagra in icu do you need a prescription to buy zithromax prednisone 40 mg for 10 yr old define socialist realism how often can i take cialis 20 mg name brand viagra no prescription mit 18 viagra generic is viagra available in walgreens generic sildenafil 100mg uk can l buy clomid over the counter in cyprus clomid 12 5 mg doxycycline if missed dose doxycycline in pediatric patients viagra online pharmacy utah cialis 2.5 mg taken daily buy generic cialis without prescription vidalista black cialis 80 mg deltasone rowcmoadreders price buy viagra cheap online in uk mylan metformin reviews cialis buy in pakistan pharmacology doxycycline hyclate to treat bv metformin average dose generic cialis pay with mastercard quando si usa clomid buying viagra otc in france online cialis duluth mn metformin max dose per day ciprofloxacino alter 250 mg mesterolone generico de cialis how to use injectable liquid viagra tomar 40 mg de cialis buy zoloft online no prescription trote willmutt viagra for sale generic cialis soft tabs has best price cialis viagra 100 red tablets anabolic steroids ireland buy viagra mgsv skull face is generic viagra zithromax 500 mg indicaciones para the cost of zovirax acyclovir metformin and canada can clomid cause nipple pain mode of action of dapoxetine what happens if i forget to take propecia generic cialis 36 cheapest from switzerland when does viagras patent rights finish in canada does lasix have sulfa in it is it safe to take amoxicillin and prednisone cipro 500 mg twice a day bid want to buy viagra in ottawa ontario klonopin vs zoloft for anxiety how to buy viagra from cipla sildenafil aurochem 100 mg dove comprare cialis in svizzera buy online p viagra viagracheap onesite com cialisbuy now malaysia what is the cost of viagra or cialis can i buy viagra over the counter at walgreens can anyone take lasix metformin data sheet uk finasteride generico italia how to find out cialis 20mg is not fake in pattaya buy viagra landing page patency of viagra in uae real online pharmacy viagra specialist rank in the us army generic viagra cumming accoutumance cialis generic cialis 70 mg vs 5 mg daily can ampicillin be used for tooth infection use clomid after steroid cycle how much cialis costs buy viagra sukhumvit shop for viagra in sydney ingredients of viagra natural viagra sales online uk pharmacies how long does propecia stay in system metformin hcl 500 mg diabetes how much does metformin sr cost ciprofloxacin otic drops are contraindicated in heart prednisone in community acquired pneumonia where to buy cialis cheap nome do remedio viagra generico viagra generika preiswert where i can buy propecia without prescription doxycycline hyclate 100 mg su uso metolazone 2 5 mg and lasix generic prednisone vs. prednisolone in feline cipro used for in teens viagra tablets in india names how long do you take accutane for acne cialis mg 200 propecia indian buy diflucan pill ppw chennai cheap finasteride 5mg how do i get viagra for my boyfriend best facial lotion accutane tranxene 50 mg bijsluiter cialis what is propranolol er 120 mg doxycycline hyclate over the counter in rhode island canadian medicine cipro generic soft tab cialis information how many mg of prednisone do you give a 30lb dog where i can buy viagra in calgary oral prednisone use in cancer treatment glucophage xr 750 mg pcos diagnosis is doxycycline hyclate 100mg used for uti buy propecia in canada doxycycline hyclate walmart can you drink and use viagra metformin tab 750 mg er cialis in america celebrities that use propecia cialis with dapoxetine generic viagra kaufen express prednisolone 20 mg cortisone where to get viagra in coventry dabex xr metformina 500 mg how long is zoloft in the system legit viagra online without prescription paypal socialist economics articles in camb j econ 25mg clomid multiples canesten or diflucan buying generic cialis online can you take nurofen with clomid viagra show up in drug test top quality viagra items in karachi can i buy zithromax over the counter at walgreens cost of cytotec in south africa how long has clomid been used where can i buy misoprostol cytotec in the philippines socialism in american politics panamol 500 mg metformin drugs for chlamydia zithromax z pak buy generic substitutes for zoloft wo gibts viagra zu kaufen live poultry chicago cialis generic prednisone tapering schedule 4 mg dose pack do the viagra in pubs work is generic viagra safe zovirax not working current otc herbal viagra sold in nyc stores does sandoz finasteride really work medicamento cialis 40 mg zoloft bestelen cialis where in singapore can i buy generic viagra sale on line 40 mg cialis how does work pueden usar viagra mujeres does insurance cover cost of viagra can you use ovulation test while on clomid waar viagra bestellen 2nd day of clomid 50mg cialis sale next day delivery what is considered long term usage of prednisone what is price of viagras in india what is best time of day to take cialis 5 mg finasteride tablet usp 1 mg metformin tablets in pregnancy viagra.detail in tamil comprar sildenafil venta libre ciprofloxacin 500 mg philippine brand name how to use generic cialis e20 generic blue and white cialis puedo comprar accutane sin receta cost of 5 mg. cialis in mexico natural miscarriage vs. cytotec can a 19 year old take cialis want to buy viagra in pakistan telejornal generico de cialis should cipro be taken with food koortslipcreme zovirax generic 150 mg generic viagra capsule metformin 500 mg dog viagra e prostata viagra distributors canada cipro 500 mg coupon can you buy viagra in italy in viagra generico da 25 mg depo provera generico de cialis therapeutic effect of cytotec in wiki does safeway sell viagra cost of cytotec in louisiana cost of generic zithromax generico do viagra da ems cistitis tratamiento antibiotico ciprofloxacin 500 mg can you cut a cialis 20 mg in two finasteride indian brands of clothes how much does generic accutane cost buy viagra usa online can i buy nolvadex over the counter in south africa comprar cialis fiar buying surplus cialis price viagra uk zovirax 800 mg compresse propranolol 40 mg high tech cialis online offerte young men cialis reviews use paypal to buy zithromax prednisolone 20 mg posologia de azitromicina buy viagra lahore pakistan do chemists sell viagra 150mg clomid 1500 mg metformin for weight phexin redisyp 125 mg methylprednisolone cialis 10 mg posologia the viagra condom viagra online group what works as well as accutane cost finasteride 1mg causa impotencia significado ciprofloxacin 500 mg 2 times a day how to get rid of doxycycline rash buy 300 tadalafil cipla online no prescription .50 ciprofloxacin hcl 250 mg taivx metformin weight loss 1500 mg omeprazole sandoz 40 mg bijsluiter nolvadex boyfriend takes viagra comprar viagra en sabadell inderal 10 mg price philippines walk in clinic cialis provera and clomid dosage in men two doses of clomid in one cycle viagra online con postepay solucion oftalmica ciprofloxacin 500 mg why viagra price increase buy viagra online uk next day delivery proscar finasteride 5mg uk viagra sold over counter usa dexedrine 20 mg cialis india viagra penegra viagra over the counter in london cialis online3 online viagra ru clomid 100mg with metformin propecia generico mylan pharmacy has best prices viagra cialis where can i buy doxycycline for my cat viagra pfizer in new york cialis sample coupon serotonin syndrome from 25 mg zoloft 3 tablets of clomid online brown viagra pill generic when should i take my cialis pill remboursement cialis 5mg where can i buy generic viagra with a mastercard do i need a prescription for viagra in london sildenafil zentiva 50 mg kaufen cialis tadalafil 30 lu tablet 100 mg prednisone corticosteroids dosage fraxiparine 0 3 ml bijsluiter nolvadex should cialis be taken every day indian nolvadex vs clomid linq hi 150 mg viagra how many mg of cialis do i take to fuck for long time facsimile prescrizione cialis canada buy doxycycline in the us not digesting metformin pills about viagra medicine in telugu script cialis price viagra price wie wirkt viagra genau in german belmont stakes lasix aspirina effervescent generico do viagra metformin brand name canada 7.5 mg prednisone equivalent prednisolone india viagra safe nursing implications for zithromax generic accutane brands can i use aha while on accutane vibramycin tablets used for sale cialis for daily use cost vs does viagra show up in test ciprofloxacin 500 mg cuts birth control pills accutane settlements canada what are the active ingredients in prednisone dapoxetine hydrochloride australia flag illegal use of viagra ic prednisone 10 mg for asthma cheap propecia dergboadre benefits of glucophage for pcos accutane pisces headphones reviews best place buy cialis uk pharmacy contraindications to cytotec in labor retina specialist in nj doxycycline 200 mg per day acne cialis diario causa dependencia prednisolone 6.7 mg metformin 500 mg bula real name for nolvadex manfaat viagra usa doxycycline hyclate capsules usp 50 mg msds viagra use in nigeria will 25 mg zoloft do anything deep discount viagra cialis super active that accept discover card take 2 50mg clomid buy finasteride nz ampicillin dose enterococcus what happens to a woman that takes viagra breast feeding in zoloft where to buy unprescribed clomid in south africa Kiwipolitico » Blog Archive » Bullying Fiji

Bullying Fiji

datePosted on 18:02, January 25th, 2009 by Pablo

The ongoing diplomatic fracas between New Zealand and Fiji stemming from the peaceful coup staged by Vice Commodore Frank Bainimarama and his military allies two years ago has taken on the aspect of farce. Although the Commodore is the personification of a petty despot, in equal measure vainglorious and arrogant, in this stoush he may actually be right. The reason is that New Zealand’s approach to his rule is hypocritical, neo-imperialist , short-sighted and and heavy handed in application.

The 2006 coup was precipitated by the multiple failures of Fijian “democracy,” specifically pervasive corruption rooted in a system of ethnic preferences and disproportionate representation. The Fijian military is a classic example of an “arbitrator” or “mediator” military in a mass praetorian society, so it is always the default option when political conflicts come to a head and threaten social stability. Such was the case in 2006, and the justification for the coup was to eliminate corruption and revamp the political system in order to eliminate the sources of patronage and preference that are the root causes of its endemic malaise. As it turns out, although the military intervention has been condemned by New Zealand and Australia, many Fijians and other island states see it in  a more favourable light. Even those who view the military intervention as a political setback recognize that it is not just a military matter but in fact an internal political conundrum that is for Fijians to resolve.

Condemnation from Anglophone outsiders is seen as a colonial vestige that is counter-productive and a violation of Fijian sovereignty. It is seen as hypocritical because New Zealand enjoys trade and diplomatic relations with countries such as The United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Iran, countries with less than stellar human rights records (and in the case of the two Arab states, oligarchical rule), and yet says nothing negative about them. Since the Fijian human rights record is demonstrably better than that of New Zealand’s Middle Eastern partners, it appears that New Zealand is being both precious and selective when it accuses the Commodore of  trampling on Fijian civil  liberties, or when it refuses visas to relatives of the military leadership while at the same time welcoming with open arms and blind eyes diplomatic representatives of authoritarian regimes far more repressive than Bainimarama and company (remember, for example, the warm receptions given to Pakistani president General Musharraf  and various Chinese delegations in the past few years).

From a practical standpoint, the public posturing between Fiji and New Zealand amounts to a diplomatic failure for the latter. For whatever reasons, quiet diplomacy has been abandoned in favour of pubic sniping between the two governments. Being the larger opponent, New Zealand comes across as a bully, one that kowtows to larger authoritarians but then vents its spleen on a smaller state just because it can do so without adverse economic consequences. Hints at Australian-New Zealand military contingency planning should things in Fiji take a turn for the worse only serve to fuel Fijian military paranoia and local resentment at what is seen as post-colonial neo-imperialism on the part of the Antipodean Anglophones.

As things stand, the diplomatic row amounts to an impasse. Given the stalemate, perhaps it is time for New Zealand diplomats to look more closely at the reasons for the coup, the nature of Fijian political debate in its aftermath, the utility of other interlocutors in the region and at opportunities for dialogue in pursuit of common ground rather than engaging in a negative-sum bilateral tit for tat that ultimately proves fruitless in terms of  facilitating the restoration of Fijian democracy . It may be unpleasant to have to deal with the Commodore on his terms, but then again, that does seem to have impeded New Zealand’s relationship with other authoritarians on a host of issues far less important than democracy promotion.

24 Responses to “Bullying Fiji”

  1. Anita on January 25th, 2009 at 19:07

    Condemnation from Anglophone outsiders is seen as a colonial vestige that is counter-productive and a violation of Fijian sovereignty. It is seen as hypocritical because New Zealand enjoys trade and diplomatic relations with countries such as The United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Iran, countries with less than stellar human rights records (and in the case of the two Arab states, oligarchical rule), and yet says nothing negative about them.

    This reminds me a lot of Zimbabwe’s reaction to being told what to do. The same issues with ex-colonial western powers whose “knowing better” smacks of hypocrisy.

    Are there any good examples of times countries like us have told countries like Fiji and Zimbabwe what we think they should do in an effective way?

  2. Carrier on January 25th, 2009 at 20:57

    A useful summary, Pablo.

    John Key’s government seems to have learned nothing from its predecessor’s diplomatic failure in Fiji. It was not necessary to publicly condone Bainimarama’s military coup, but it did make sense to use our recent change of Government to quietly reassess NZ’s meaningful objectives in Fiji, NZ’s public stance towards Bainimarama’s regime, tactics for behind-the-scenes diplomacy, and means by which NZ could assist Fiji through a political transition without succumbing to regional “superpower” arrogance. Sadly, a mere two and a half months after election of the new government in this country, this fortuitous opportunity may have been lost already.

    Bainimarama leads a military junta that is non-threatening by normal standards and espouses certain principles with which we should feel comfortable – addressing public corruption, and containing discriminatory aspirations of ethnic Fijians. That’s a promising platform on which to build constructive dialogue away from the microphones of the media.

  3. Pablo on January 25th, 2009 at 22:03

    One course of action might be to allow the Australians to carry the stick of public denunciations on this one, since they are an emerging middle power with regional power status already, and have a long history of insensitivity towards indigenous politics and culture in and outside of Australia proper. So they can do the barking.

    That would allow New Zealand to take the “speak softly” or carrot approach, in which Kiwi diplomats exhibit more nuance and sensitivity to Fijian political culture in pursuit of a negotiated transition back to electoral rule. The latter stance could be aided by enlisting the help or intercession of other Pacific Island nation representatives, so that the diplomatic bargaining would not be seen as an Anglophone (read neo-colonial) imposition.

    This of course requires diplomatic competency and expertise in Fijian affairs. The examples of the New Guinean peace negotiations as well as Solomon Islands and East Timorese peacekeeping missions demonstrate both the advantages and constraints of having civilian expertise combined with tactful diplomacy in pursuit of negotiated outcomes, remembering of course that in all of these cases it is political factions rather than a unified government that were doing the bargaining. That would seem to make the Fijian case easier to engage, assuming goodwill, socio-political sensitivity, diplomatic tact and patience are the main tools being employed by New Zealand representatives. As it now stands, NZ is shut out from having any constructive leverage in Fijian politics, so a re-consideration of the approach along the lines outlined herein might be in order.

  4. reid on January 25th, 2009 at 23:09

    This may be a fairly simplistic perspective but to what extent could relations be improved via improvements to the travel restrictions imposed on the families of the Fijian leaders? Could that be the most effective first move in opening a dialogue and is that sufficient to use as a bargaining chip?

    Secondly is it really that important that NZ & Australia tries to keep Fiji inside the Commonwealth fold? Fiji like other South Pacific island states is already responding to China’s chequebook diplomacy and while we might be able to compete with that if we needed to, is it in our best interests to try to resist that?

  5. Pablo on January 26th, 2009 at 03:48

    reid: your point about the Chinese is well taken but even they will find that there are limits to their cash-based influence given the structure of Fijian political culture. Talk about a clash of civilisations!

    Unilaterally dropping the ban on travel to NZ by relatives of Fijian leaders would be seen by the Commodore and his cronies as a back down at this point (since they are playing a type of diplomatic chicken game with NZ), but some quiet diplomacy to work an exchange along the lines of restoring a full NZ diplomatic presence as a trade for lifting the travel ban might work as a starter for future talks of a more substantive nature. There is an old diplomatic tactic derived from game theory that posits that a nation should begin its approach to an adversary with an opening cooperative gesture, then reply in kind to the response (i.e. respond to a cooperative response with more cooperation, but respond to a non-cooperative response with an uncooperative reply). There is variation on the theme and it has to be applied judiciously, but offering to lift the travel ban in exchange for something might be just that sort of move.

    One thing is certain, the confrontational approach is pushing Fiji closer to the Chinese as a counter to perceived Anglophone “meddling.”.

  6. Le Grande Fromage on January 26th, 2009 at 08:35

    Spot on. This is very well written. Because NZ is such a tiny country we rarely get to flex our foreign policy arm on anyone smaller than us. In the situation with Fiji it seems good sense has gone out the window, overwhelmed by a desire not to miss the chance to duff someone up.

  7. adamsmith1922 on January 26th, 2009 at 11:13

    I was hopeful that with a change of government in NZ, we might see a change in posture re Fiji given that the policy was not working.

    I find it hard to understand just what MFAT officials are thinking on this issue. Though is some of the problem sour grapes that the prior regime supported by NZ was in fact somewhat a product of our so-called diplomacy and thus for reasons of ego we wish a return to the prior corrupt state.

  8. Rich on January 26th, 2009 at 12:51

    Fiji’s democracy might have be imperfect, but by mounting an illegal coup, Banainarama has denied the Fijians (beyond the power elite in the military) *any* self-determination.

    How has NZ impinged on Fiji’s rights? Surely it’s *our* right as a sovereign nation to decide how we engage with Fiji and it’s people. That includes visa policy, trade, aid and negotiations.

    We’ve actually been very soft with Fiji. We allow Air NZ to fly there, we allow trade and banking to continue mostly unimpeded. The only sanction on the Fijian military (whose ranking members are essentially criminals for supporting the cup) is to ban them from here.

    I don’t think it’s of much relevance that we don’t treat other despotic states in a similar matter. We have to eat, and there are limits on what can be done in the real world. I feel it’s best that situations like these are solved first by the people involved, then by neighbour countries – and NZ is a neighbour of Fiji and not of Saudi Arabia and the like.

  9. Rich on January 26th, 2009 at 12:58

    Anita: I think international pressure was one key thing that convinced white South Africans that the apartheid regime would never be accepted internationally and convinced them to change.

    Many African countries have also made democratic progress as a result of international encouragement.

    Not to mention Greece, Portugal (where a military coup *restored* democracy), Spain, Turkey (which is being dragged into democracy as a result of the prerequisites of EU membership), etc.

    There are quite a few others.

  10. Pablo on January 26th, 2009 at 13:59

    Rich: Although the transition from apartheid was influenced by foreign pressure, there is no instance if the late 20th/early 21st century of external influences playing the decisive role in authoritarian regime transitions, many of which do not result in democracy but it another form of authoritarianism. The examples you cite are all wrong–external influence was minimal to nil in each case–and the Turkish/EU issue is irrelevant. I could list specifics (such as the fact that the 1974 Revolution of the Carnations in Portugal led to a brief socialist authoritarian regime and did not “restore” democracy because there had never been any such thing), but it would be best if you read some of the voluminous literature on regime transitions that has appeared since 1980 (of which some of my own work is part).

    When external pressure did act as a contributing factor to what essentially is an internally-generated movement for change (say, in Chile in the late 1980s or South Korea and Taiwan in the early 1990s), it was quiet diplomacy and the use of discrete incentives rather than public posturing that had the best effect. That was the point I was trying to make.

  11. Rich on January 26th, 2009 at 14:31

    Pablo, I realise you know a lot more about this than me :-)

    But I’m still fairly convinced that the requirements the EU imposes on candidate members (democracy, human rights) have had a quite substantial (if maybe not decisive) impact on several European countries in their transition to democracy. Or do you consider this is a special case given the economic power of the EU which isn’t replicated anywhere else?

  12. Pablo on January 26th, 2009 at 14:56

    Rich: You are correct about EU entry requirements, even admitting that the standard is more flexible than it looks on paper. It is the lure of the EU market that is the incentive for aspirants to conform their internal structures to EU requirements–but it is for them to choose to do so or not. That is where reid had a good point, because it is the Chinese who are offering Fiji their direct investment incentives without regard to its internal political situation (something that could eventually backfire on Chinese investors should ethnic tensions in Fiji turn into conflict, as has been seen in the Solomons and Tonga). But the short term use of economic incentives gives the Chinese leverage in Fiji, which in turn gives the Commodore and his pals a buffer from Australian and Kiwi reprisals/sanctions/bans etc. So far what NZ is offering is all (small) stick and no carrot, which to my mind is counter-productive. Looking at the bigger geo-strategic picture suggests to me that NZ has to eschew the short-term Fijian confrontation tactics in pursuit of longer-term diplomatic and security objectives in the region.

  13. SPC on January 26th, 2009 at 16:33

    There are only two standards – universal and selective. A universal standard is by definition going to be LCD (who cares what you do in your sovereign country, we only have nation to nation relations) – though there can be mutli-lateral standards at the UN and in other organisations. Here the question is whether regions have their own standards – EU or the South Pacific Forum or the Commonwealth.

    Otherwise the only way to apply a selective standard universally is when it only applies to aid receiving countries. The government to government aid tap being the measure that adjusts.

    One example of selective standards was the US expectation that some its military allies should pay a price for not hosting their ships (even though not all other allies would do this either).

  14. BLiP on January 26th, 2009 at 18:55

    Well written and succinct piece. Thank you. It has changed my mind about Fiji signigicantly and I particularly like your “good cop / bad cop” scenario. Trouble is, as you said:

    This of course requires diplomatic competency and expertise in Fijian affairs.

    Neither exists under this National government. In fact, Goober John Key has been sucked into playing the game on Bainimarama’s terms.

    You also point out that most pernicious paradox of trade. What better illustration is there locally than when Jenny Shipley ordered that a bus be placed between protesters and the Chinese Premier?

    But, I’m not sure that we are bullies in relation to Fiji. I do believe that we should seek to effect positive change where we can and that Bainimarama has had quite long enough to at least make a start on the changes he has promised.

  15. Lew on January 26th, 2009 at 19:10

    BLiP: Do you think `Goober’ is more classy than `Klark’ as an epithet? If so, why?

    L

  16. Pablo on January 26th, 2009 at 21:36

    If all goes well this blog will become self-regulating with regards to the civility of its discourse, which should obviate the need for moderation.

  17. Anita on January 26th, 2009 at 21:41

    Rich writes,

    Anita: I think international pressure was one key thing that convinced white South Africans that the apartheid regime would never be accepted internationally and convinced them to change.

    The white world telling white South Africans what to do is different from the white first world telling Fijians what to do IMHO.

  18. SPC on January 26th, 2009 at 22:32

    The boycott movement against South Africa worked because the Soviet Union collapsed – while the Afrikaaner could believe they were part of the west resisting communism they would have held out against the “leftist fellow traveller” movement campaigning against them.

    The hidden issue here is the contest between indigenous people sovereignty and majoritarian democracy. Which makes the Commonwealth (a collection of colonialised nations – many now self governing majoritarian democracies in their Crown head image) a little uneasy of course (something Mugabe plays upon in a different way).

    The latest Fijian coup leader has chosen to portray himself as the defender of the Commonwealth’s values against local indigenous people sovereignty, but not done so in the traditional western means (via the legal and political process), which really confuses the issue.

    At the moment it’s a spat about someone who determined a course unilaterally being called to stay true to his own unilateral course (hold elections) – when claiming to have realised legal complications (and legal nicety was one of the issues cited against him).

    If I was advising the SPF, I would advise them to kick for touch – sure back up their final warning, by “in principle” suspending Fiji from the SPF from a future date (yet to be determined) for not maintaining a democratic course (this builds up pressure, yet allows continued diplomacy).

  19. […] accuses New Zealand of being hypocritical and neo-imperialist for criticizing Fiji's military leadership yet it maintains trade and diplomatic relations with […]

  20. reid on January 29th, 2009 at 00:08

    Well the unusual timing in the release of Samare’s speech calling for unity and Key’s response of “ridiculous” to Bainimarama’s likening of the Forum’s ultimatum to a “declaration of war;” indicate things are spinning a little bit out of control.

    Frankly I can’t see Clark allowing that to happen and I wonder if this may become, eventually, Key’s first albatross, which all PM’s collect. Little early wouldn’t you say, though? Key being Key, I’d guess he’s probably relying on MFAT advice in this, his first foreign outing. I wonder however if McCully has a hand in his response or if he’s getting his message mostly from the professionals?

    Either way, what’s their calculation? Where’s the upside in isolating Fiji via big-boy tactics in the SP? Perhaps and hopefully, it’s a variation on Pablo’s suggested tactics, where Key plays bad cop and Rudd the good.

    Let’s hope that’s what’s happening, but I don’t think it is, unfortunately.

  21. Bullying Fiji | Stuck in Fiji Mud on January 29th, 2009 at 13:10

    Bullying Fiji…

    The ongoing diplomatic fracas between New Zealand and Fiji stemming from the peaceful coup staged by Vice Commodore Frank Bainimarama and his military allies two years ago has taken on the aspect of farce….

  22. SPC on January 29th, 2009 at 16:21

    reid

    It depends how one “reads” the self appointed saviour of Fiji, does he really intend to solve the problem or simply expoit its existence to govern for 5 or 10 years on the pretext of trying to do so?

    The cynic would say watch the money …

  23. Being Indian in Fiji | Stargazer on February 3rd, 2009 at 06:24

    Being Indian in Fiji…

    these posts at kiwipolitico on the situation in fiji got me thinking. almost every fijian indian i come across in nz is a firm support of mr bainimarama, and extremely angry at the response of the labour-led government to the latest coup. the best conv…

  24. awangkassim on May 1st, 2009 at 19:53

    The pacific area is in control under the ‘democratic’tri parte of Australia-New Zealand-USA.
    News from New Zealand is very neo-con type.Very BIAS!!

    What Australia ‘pretend’ behind East Timor, New Zealand is doing the same thing.They seems to be the good guys, that’s bull****.(moderated for vulgarity) Bear in mind, the government in New Zealand and Australia are ‘white’ governed and the rest of the Pacific are islanders with their ‘islander’ way of doing things.
    Clash of civilisation is still alive in the pacific with’ bullying’ much the name of the game.

Leave a Reply

Name: (required)
Email: (required) (will not be published)
Website:
Comment: