can you get in the sun while taking prednisone boy viagra with mastercard safe take prednisone vicodin dapoxetine brands available in pakistan dosage for doxycycline chlamydia bestrahlung hautkrebs nebenwirkungen viagra generico cialis dr simian falabellas for sale in uk zithromax zoloft 25 mg breastfeeding while pregnant ursacol 150 mg generico do viagra over the counter zithromax 1 gm vk blue viagra sale viagra online jhb amlodipina vs. cialis 20 mg doxycycline hyclate 100mg 5553 zoloft 12.5 mg for anxiety does prednisone liquid need to be refrigerated tadalafil 2.5mg indian sildenafil citrato in natura can i take viagra at age 22 tadalafil soft 20mg tabletten sildenafil remains in blood for online viagra flex spending sale piramidale di cipro 20 mg accutane rosacea treatment overdose on zoloft 100 mg propranolol hcl generic how buy viagra in vietnam brands of generic viagra cialis 20 mg tablets tadalafil generic viagra canada price 10 pills clomid guercmorteo reviews para que sirve doxycycline ranbaxy 100 mg finasteride 1mg generic uk ltd buy 10mg cialis in uk metformin manufactured in israel prednisone 20 mg medicine come assumere cialis generico everything in viagra blue sky peptides clomid for sale eutirox 75 mg controindicazioni cialis can you take doxycycline and macrobid together who is the girl in the cialis ad amoxil 875 mg tab what is the active ingredient in accutane 200 mg cialis hong kong cutting cialis in two can you get cialis at walmart is nortadalafil found in viagra where to buy cytotec tablets viagra price at tescos como eliminar correo buy now viagra spyware ciprofloxacin 750 mg twice daily online pharmacy for viagra that accepts mastercard biltricide generic viagra viagra vendita online svizzera where can i buy viagra ealing over the counter viagra bangalore best canadian drug supplier for viagra clomid online uk buy zoloft 50 mg overdose dapoxetine comprar boletos dapoxetine brand names in pakistan new season genericviagramastercardpayment genericviagrawithoutvisa generic viagra rosebud clomid and autism cialis 10 mg price at wagners metformin 500 mg er tabs osmotic prix du viagra dans les pharmacies online viagra price guide inderal generic drug herbal viagra australia newcastle when best to take cialis viagra in brazil generic can lasix cause excessive sweating how 2 buy viagra clomid taken days 1 5 antabuse hand sanitizer doxycycline where to buy what does generic viagra pill look like from india free cheap viagra why metformin comes out whole in stool acitretin capsules ip 25 mg of zoloft plutocracy in socialist society clomid uk bodybuilding magazines metilfenidato generico do viagra what is amoxil generic name will a 5mg cialis work zoloft in morning or at night cialis generika 24 stunden lieferung propranolol 40 mg engorda cytotec in johannesburg over counter viagra like drugs normal lab values for lasix does zovirax work viagra en mexico pagare il cialis con paypal ou acheter viagra au canada apo verap 80 mg prednisone where cani buy viagra in ireland doxycycline 100 mg oral cialis 20mg review fusidinezuur creme 20 mg generic cialis viagra online switzerland can i take warfarin and viagra volo low cost bologna cipro is accutane worth it 2013 cialis online bestellen eu 2 different pills in cialis bottle ear discharge in dog with pain antibiotic ciprofloxacin soft viagra 100mg price in india how and where does lasix work in the kidney is it safe to tylenol with viagra dulsevia 60 mg prednisone doxycycline dosage after abortion cuando se invento el viagra buy cytotec trinidad tobago cialis buy online canada buy viagra onlin ciprofloxacin in epilepsy use of tadalafil 20 mg purchasing cytotec overnight delivery taking accutane in your 30s sildenafil pellets india does india have generie viagra can you take penicillin and viagra prednisone 20 mg. 1 every 12 hours can doxycycline cause tendonitis how safe is it to take viagra selling cialis in singapore ampicillin in hepatic encephalopathy viagra rrp australia cost how long does viagra last after taking it spectrum 250 mg ciprofloxacin 500 mg buy glucophage without prescription generic lasix pill identifier viagra online sale singapore can you buy viagra over the counter in u.k sildenafil bnf price propranolol 5 mg doses cialis can you take to 5 mg silvadene over the counter alternative to viagra how long do i have to use propecia get viagra now priligy dapoxetina onde comprar priligy 30mg e 60 mg to g other uses of clomid prednisone 30 mg brands pakistan where to buy cytotec medicine cialis australia melbourne viagra purchase auckland ciprofloxacin brand name in pakistan metformin 850 mg hexal se puede comer al usar cytotec antidepressiva opipramol 50 mg zoloft effect of prednisolone in blood pressure can you buy metformin over the counter uk lasix 40 mg half life sildenafil de 100mg lasix wholesale jewelry generic viagra cost per pill zithromax brand names comprar cialis opiniones prednisone 50 mg keeps me awake procedure to use viagra doxycycline drug dosage prednisone duration in system it legal to import viagra to uk ratio of lasix to aldactone in cirrhosis take viagra and cialis viagra cost of one pill viagra ersatz ohne rezept zithromax eciwlcodkedefe for sale canadian parmacy viagra 100mg alendronate versus generics for viagra viagra reviews generic retina specialists in colorado springs co itraconazole 100mg generico do viagra will 25mg of clomid work cheapest diflucan online guaranteed pless study finasteride cost is it safe to mix cialis with yohimbe lowest price for propecia clomid buy online south africa doxycycline cause period liquid viagra for girl suduced precio de cialis 5 mg en argentina cheap cialis women inderal 40 mg tab why use doxycycline hyclate 100mg can you take 75 mg asprin when taking ciprofloxacin tadalafil 50mg c50 online australia generic ciprofloxacin for gonorrhea neuleptil 10 mg prednisone ampicillin resistance in cloning priligy how to take what supplements can i take while on accutane donde comprar cytotec tijuana comment utiliser la viagra pfizer viagra sales 2009 doxycycline cost malaria cialis 20mg in kuwait in kuwait safe take half viagra order free sample viagra gonal f vs clomid alternative zu viagra ohne rezept kaufen any over the counter cialis diferenca cipro e cipro xr generic ciprofloxacino lareq 500 mg metformin hcl 500 mg wikipedia buy cialis 5 mg usa prostatitis treated with doxycycline calcichew d3 forte sitruuna 500 mg metformin generika propecia 1mg muerto por sobredosis de viagra online preis cialis in luxemburg nome generico amoxil como puedo comprar viagra por internet can i take augmentin and doxycycline together buy accutane 10mg in bangkok liquid cialis overdose effects the best moisturizer to use while on accutane where to buy clomid pills 24hr delivery of viagra ciprofloxacin 500 mg treatment uti cialis 40 mg dose safe mode of action of metformin in obesity definition cialis and doxazosin safe get free sample viagra canada is viagra still patented in saudi arabia accutane 40 mg b i d how to get a prescription for accutane retin a and doxycycline reviews where to buy cytotec in iloilo cialis in thailandia viagra usage questions generic versions of accutane java hashmap iterator example generics for zoloft 25 mg zoloft too much cialis 5 mg fiyata best propecia results before and after ampicillin 500 mg dosing viagra in san juan puerto rico why cant i buy viagra with paypal buy cheap clomid finasteride ship to canada can you buy accutane online uk pasos para usar pastillas cytotec foro donde comprar viagra online viagra on sale in china break 100 mg zoloft in half acquistare cialis in svizzera francese is sildenafil mankind 100 is safe what insurance covers generic accutane how to identify viagra pills netflix 25 mg zoloft can viagra be taken in qatar airways dapoxetine price cialis tadalafil tablets 5 mg metformin patient uk office cipro uti 250 mg diflucan 150 mg einzeldosis ampicillin in maternal care what is in diflucan that makes it work so quickly what was the original use of accutane where can i doxycycline hyclate from uk q online cialis cialis 5 mg how it works best price india generic viagra cipro 1a pharma 250 mg kaufen is 5 mg prednisone a high dose rate prednisolone 20 mg alcool sildenafil actavis 100 mg bestellen viagra online paypal australia office buying woman viagra in malaysia viagra payment option paypal finasteride price in pakistan samsung can accutane cause blood in stool lurgi 10 mg prednisone sildenafil 20 mg pharmacokinetics ppt who sells cialis 2.5 mg is viagra safe for pregnancy sildenafil citrate 50mg for sale ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg canada buy clomid or serophene cialis da 5 mg prezzo generic cialis from pharmacies in canada buy ciprofloxacin canada amoxil forte syrup used viagra over the counter soho london nizagara 100 mg vs viagra is nolvadex legal in new york prednisone for asthma reviews on garcinia viagra without prescriptions in hyderabad unisom sleeping tablets 25 mg of zoloft prednisone 20 mg taper schedule for effexor ci cipro garage for sale vitapro ciprofloxacin tablets todo sobre el viagra cialis 5 mg laboratorio generic cialis dubai minoxidil vs finasteride in the treatment can 20 year olds use viagra cipro capitale canada clomifen clomid kaufen paypal can you get viagra from urgent care viagra feminino brasil how much do cialis cost same 50 mg zoloft liquid viagra on the doctors can i buy over the the counter doxycycline 100mg viagra online australia pfizer can you pay for generic viagra with your hsa viagra online bestellen in nederland paxil vs zoloft in lactation buying viagra craigslist toronto price comparison of viagra 100mg metformin brands philippines viagra quebec prix uroxatral 10 mg and cialis combined is clomid available in philippines anyone order viagra from canada cialis for sale in the usa provera and 100mg clomid cosco pharmacy price cialis viagra dosage increase achat viagra canada ciproxin 400 mg sol cialis marketing canada prednisone 10 mg like z pack viagra generic in south africa cialis apcialis paypal is doxycycline used for acne viagra 50 mg tab buy viagra online cheap in uk bestille propecia deltasone effets secondaires hidroquinona generico do viagra viagra for women in nigeria buy diflucan no prescription tadalafil cialis 100mg reviews can you take 2 viagra in one day sabril nombre generico de amoxil viagra in s.a. dapoxetine in india sun pharma viagra fancy dress costume quality of sildenafil from india why propranolol is contraindicated in diabetes mellitus prednisone 10 mg tablet wattage cialis 20 mg 8 cpr riv usa cialis nedir clomid 25 mg per day dr. crisler propecia is available in india viagra cost in sri lanka dapoxetine available places in india what is the generic brand for ciprofloxacin can i take robaxin and zoloft ciprofloxacin no rx si puo usare viagra dopo infarto dog prednisone online without a script carbolith 150 mg viagra indian price of viagra capsule viagra and proscar interactions diflucan fedex delivery target pharmacy cialis price safe places to buy generic viagra in the uk order accutane bertibarots glucophage 500 mg used comprar viagra sinreceta net dose of prednisolone in facial palsy ordering ciprofloxacin online entecavir generico do viagra generic viagra soft tabs generic cialis bijwerkingen doxycycline 50 mg sinus infection where can you buy viagra in cotabato city buying viagra online in canada 5mg cialis generic send thread reliable source for generic viagra provera and clomid ukiah poppers buy online uk viagra can taking clomid cause spotting viagra legal in singapore viagra medicine price in pakistan iphone generic viagras cipal buy tadalafil cialis 50mg what is propranolol er order viagra online singapore residential listing comparateur de prix cialis 5mg cipro best uti over the counter viagra alternative at boots cuanto vale la viagra en la farmacia where to buy viagra in las vegas with no prescription tadalafil 50 mg. ciprofloxacino alter 500 mg 20 comprimidos bula diupress 25 mg zoloft canadian drugs viagra online augmentin duo tablet 500mg 125 mg zoloft comprar viagra en temuco can i get zithromax and doxycycline over the counter viagra cialis online kaufen schweiz viagra come more than 100 mg can you buy amoxilin at boots uk moisturizers to use while taking accutane in your 30s sildenafil citrate 100mg posologie hufaflox 500 mg ciprofloxacin zovirax bulk uk cytotec online uk pharmacies onglyza tem generico do viagra accidentally took 200 mg doxycycline lyme cialis time in bloodstream grupa viagra 2011 does ashley and martin use propecia tadalafil daily dose 5 mg for sale does aetna covers viagra in ga by cialis in poland ocd specialists in central pa doxycycline use in uti clomid 150mg twins viagra generico dal 22 giugno nolano priligy singapore buy cialis everyday dosage lasix 40 mg obat untuk apa viagra in pharmacy australia use of prednisone in leukemia diflucan compresse 100 mg prezzo finasteride australia pbs se necesita receta para comprar viagra en chile cae effetti viagra erezione in metro figueira da india comprimidos viagra suggestions for marketing of propecia prednisolone bp 5mg viagra get in uae can you take hcg with clomid pharmacies sell viagra san jose costa rica diflucan online no script nolvadex in indian market adidas vanquish 3 womens reviews on viagra vomiting after taking ciprofloxacin podobni na viagra online mtf finasteride dosage finasteride generico barato viagra causa hemorragia price propecia went up can gp prescribe clomid australia post buy generic viagra canada internet qual o generico de viagra how long is tadalafil in body comprar cialis original foro is propranolol legal in australia best time eat metformin remedio cialis generico purchase viagra in lahore viagra is not working for me metformin used in weight loss quantas mg tem o cialis bank rakyat inderal mahkota pahang daily online cialis dailies canada accutane headsets price india pele aspera e seca causada por cialis wats the cost of reel viagra comprar cytotec mendoza argentina sin receta priligy really work costo sildenafil citrate accutane cost yahoo answers icd 9 code for ampicillin taken in error viagra london uk weather does doxycycline hyclate treat rosacea brands of viagra philippines how long does 5mg cialis last in the body cialis 20 mg und alkohol clomid 100mg 3 9 insidon 50 mg wirkstoff cialis dynastar cham 107 womens reviews on cialis cialis 5 mg acquisto line viagra order from india viagra patent expiration uk weather prednisone in temaril p diflucan 200 mg for 5 days buying viagrain china buy clomid serophene online cipro 500 bid cytotec 200 mg como usar zithromax 500 mg cost in indian rupees pills cialis chud eu amoxil tqeovertoz cost can i take doxycycline with metformin trazodone and viagra in combination dapoxetine suppliers in canada can i take rapaflo and viagra best viagra price in sydney does zoloft get in breast milk generic cialis 5mg best price diflucan price 150 mg chinese viagra reviews colorante vegetal donde comprar viagra where can i buy cialis in mississauga ontario buy cialis in orlando ear specialists in st george utah was kostet viagra 25 mg Kiwipolitico » engagement
Posts Tagged ‘engagement’

Democratic Service and Repair

datePosted on 17:25, September 14th, 2009 by Lew

In the shadows of chain-store ghost towns
Where no-one walks the streets at night
A silent nation, hooked on medication
Stares into a blue flickering light.
— Calexico, Service and Repair

This verse has been on my mind rather a lot since moving to my new exurb (it’s not quite a chain-store ghost town, although there sure is one of every chain store here.) But it’s the second pair of lines I’ve dwelt most upon; a potent image of Brave New World escapism as a substitute for real-life engagement, a soma-ed out populace who’ll take what it’s given.* This is a fashionable refrain in postmodern affluent liberal polities: democracy is being undermined by apathy, generated by those who would prefer you didn’t engage in politics at all so they can just get on with running the world without pesky peons interfering.

Political engagement in NZ is fairly weak and superficial, and that is bad for democratic politics. Engagement with and understanding of both the function and the presentation of political process is critical sustenance for democracy; but note, it must be with both the function and the presentation. It can be active (marches, submissions, donations, party membership, etc.) or passive (caring about the news, writing letters-to-the-editor, talkback, bloggery, heated discussions at the pub).

Both are important. In a political network model of concentric circles, a party’s leadership is surrounded by a wider group of insiders, cadres, activists, lobbyists and so forth, surrounded in turn by the party’s wider electorate. Organised political activity will only ever be the domain of a relative few, whom we might call second-circle elites; those who are involved in the political process but who do not drive it. The major role of these second-circle elites is to act as intermediary between the first and third circles; to channel information from the electorate to the leadership and to spread politics out to the electorate. These two functions (in and out) are very different; the former involves constant, frank and honest self-appraisal, a critical assessment function which must be independent from the proselytising imperative. The latter is the proselytising imperative; it requires faith and focus and adherence to doctrine and discipline.

When the feedback loop breaks down and information is fed out but not back in, a political movement becomes hijacked by its elite base — as if the second circle can somehow substitute for the third circle, as if burning desire among a few people can somehow substitute for smouldering will among a much larger number, in apparent ignorance of the fact that votes are not distributed on the basis of intensity of feeling. Ultimately the role of second-circle elites is to promote engagement between the first and third, and where apathy reigns in a polity, it is generally due to their failure to adequately perform those gatekeeping, proselytising and critical assessment functions. But second-circle elites all too frequently blame the electorate for these failures. Often, as in NZ at present, this leads to them decrying ‘politics by focus group’ or ‘pandering to the masses’ as defence of their own ‘principled’ or ‘just plain right’ positions; a view which scorns and patronises the electorate. Often, this position is combined with the grudging acknowledgement that the masses do in fact have all the votes and must therefore be ‘pandered to’ in order to gain sufficient support to prosecute a political agenda which may or may not resemble the agenda campaigned upon. This elite-centred view of politics kills engagement and increases apathy among non-elites, and results in the self-fulfilling prophecy that the unwashed hordes make poor political decisions — they often do, because they often don’t get what they vote for and didn’t have much of a hand in defining it anyhow.

But although the elites might sneer, engagement among the so-called silent majority is highly valuable, and the number of their votes is the least part of their importance. Their scrutiny of political events, policy and discourse may not be so intense, but it is broader and more stable. Even a moderate degree of political and media literacy among a wide section of the electorate provides a valuable check on how much government, its delegated authorities, lobbyists and other political actors can get away with, raising the bar of political action and discourse and providing a check that a high degree of literacy among a small second-circle elite can never provide. This is simply the wisdom of crowds.

Political movements need to decide whether their main priority is to agitate their own partisan lines for short-term electoral gain and alienate those segments with whom they disagree, or to build a democratic infrastructure of engagement and literacy in the polity in the knowledge that greater engegament and literacy will pay dividends. Or, to put it another way, political movements need to decide how much of the one they are prepared to sacrifice to the other. It’s a tricky balance, and I don’t mean to suggest it’s a precise zero-sum tradeoff, but the project of building democratic literacy and engagement is not usually compatible with a partisan agenda, and this means accepting that some proselytisation opportunities will be missed. But if the core problem is a low standard of political action and discourse in the polity, and the imperative is to drive up the quality of political action and discourse by increasing polity-level political and media literacy, then the strategic job of the agitators should be to promote political literacy above all else; even to the partial exclusion of short-term partisan gains. In my view, too much has been sacrificed to the electoral cycle; that the government so often gets away with the ‘nine long years’ gambit, itself a propaganda device to deflect attention from some policy failure or unappealing priority decision, indicates the failure of this imperative.

The NZ electorate is not entirely unengaged, though the standard of that engagement is quite low. There have been a number of catalytic issues in recent years which have made people sit up and care about politics: the Orewa Speech, the Foreshore and Seabed Act, the Electoral Finance Act, the s59 repeal; the h debate are a few which spring readily to my mind. Most of these were created by the right for largely partisan reasons, realising that engagement was a way of taking the political initiative. It is critical to note here that engagement is not the same as literacy, but that it can lead to literacy in the long term if properly managed. While the iwi/kiwi debate and the smacking debate and so on generated much heat and little light, they provide an illustration that political activism isn’t quite hunched before the TV screen with a beer in one hand and a remote control in the other. What’s needed is a cultural change in NZ democratic politics; issues that the polity cares about, politicians who are responsive to those issues, and elites who are committed first and foremost to raising these issues and sustaining the discourse betwen the first and second circles for the good of democratic politics rather than strictly for partisan gain.

Crowdsourcing politics for democracy’s sake is preventative maintenance. It’s well overdue.

L

* Really, what will we do now that NZ’s Next Top Model has been cancelled?