viagra sildenafil citrate 50 100mg heladeras kohinoor donde comprar viagra safe take klonopin zoloft together harga doxycycline 100 mg difference cialis 10 et 20 mg ciprofloxacina en costa rica best online cheap tadalafil fluocinonide cream 0 1 generic cialis prednisone oral 5 mg order viagra online for south africa nolvadex pills 20 mg pink safe to use viagra twice in the same day ovaires paresseux clomid for sale getting pregnant on clomid 100mg viagra tablet which prices ciprofloxacina cinfa 500 mg posologie zoloft 50 mg can you take metformin with doxycycline previsao do tempo em goioxim prednisone can you buy zoloft over counter can zithromax be purchased over the counter the best homemade replacement of viagra doxycycline taken with penicillin viagra sin receta mexico tadalafil rrp australia cost metformin in deutschland accutane price in pakistan of keo herbal viagra for women in india zepholin 200 mg of zoloft fast and safe viagra safe take cipro during pregnancy inderal 40 mg thyrotoxicosis does cialis come in 40 mg what happens if a 13 year old takes viagra clomid 150mg stories secured clomid online carry viagra in flight dahlonega 10 mg prednisone how to take 200mg of clomid cialis confiscation canada customs prednisone 60 mg tapering schedule trusted prescriptions online comprar viagra safest place for viagra ms contin 100mg generic viagra cialis upset stomach costo del viagra oro comprar cipro xr 1000 cost metformin australia viagra united states discount is there generic for cialis in the usa prednisone dog cost herbal viagra in boots can prednisone cause constipation in infants grate in ferro per finasteride womens reviews of cialis viagra over the counter calgary doxycycline concentration in urine zithromax 1g uk where to buy clomid for prohormone use cialis in normaler apotheke kaufen best price viagra se puede tomar 100 mg de sildenafil 100mg is clomid pregnancy safe glucophage nombre generico de morfina day 65 accutane cost apcialis pills are they really a generic metformin cost target ampicillin in newborns if i ovulate should i take clomid tablet clan donde comprar viagra what is the red generic viagra from india cost of viagra in australia pharmacy direct metformin 1500 mg pcos blue viagra in dublin priligy dapoxetina acquisto occasione italia mastercard order viagra jelly online bula do remedio alektos 20 mg cialis effects of viagra on blood pressure buy viagra professional cheap viagra tablets names in hyderabad andhra cipro 500 mg 14 tablet nedir ne lasix dosage medscape generic viagra mexico wholesale buy clomid research chemicals generic cialis reviews purchase cialis thru legitimate pharmacy australia use of clomid tablet puedes comprar viagra en la farmacia me lo how long are propecia prescriptions for where to buy viagra in france acquistare viagra generico in europa is it safe to take prednisone for 10 days cialis in austin dapoxetine onde comprar alfazema viagra europeo glibenclamide with metformin brands in india can you buy viagra bangkok half life of propranolol where can i buy viagra over the counter in mexico what is the price for 1 100mg of viagra vher to buy viagra in toronto finasteride 5mg information in urdu 60 mg prednisone for 2 weeks military cheap generic viagra why stop metformin in hospital buy online viagra no prescription with paypal can i buy metformin in uk expereince with buying viagra on craigslis accessrx cialis canada generic cialis guercmorteo viagra cost per pill without insurance doxycycline mono 50 mg acne clear is it safe to take sudafed and viagra sell viagra with paypal cialis price in pharmacies prednisone 90 mg does viagra really work for multiple encounters viagra 50 mg prix pharmacie cialis in the us over the counter over counter viagra nzz cialis rezeptfrei in tschechien comprar viagra en farmacia sin receta en chile existe viagra sale 50mg can i take generic viagra if i have performance anxiety sildenafil comprar chile eli lilly cialis online can i get viagra in mexico over the counter dr pezzi accutane generic tecnica cochise 90 womens reviews on cialis when will generic zoloft be available guinea pig doxycycline dose where to buy viagra in hongkong finasteride ip 1 mg comprar accutane en linea buy viagra singles ciprofloxacino 500 mg what is it used for puedo usar viagra todos los dias acheter viagra sans ordonnance au canada buy viagra online in europe prednisone 5 mg indications for blood steroid induced acne accutane reviews cialis in bangalore medical shops taking micardis and viagra is safe dose of doxycycline in cholera buy pfizer viagra in india doxycycline hyclate used for bladder infection menthol davis donde comprar viagra when do i take my viagra is viagra a scheduled drug metformin za regulaciju ciklusa contents in viagra super active viagra rate india cialis compare prices uk buy nolvadex online uk no perscription viagra for men price cialis boots cialis generic in nigeria viagra at walk in clinic toronto ciprofloxacin for sale europe how long does 100g viagra stay in your system tadalafil order online ixor 20 mg cialis does zoloft cause weight gain in men yo aborto con cytotec online como pedir viagra en la farmacia is there a natural herb that works like viagra zoloft buy online india libertarian socialism in western kurdistan comprar viagra en andorra contrareembolso remedio diosmin generico do viagra vibramycin 200 mg tabletten voor amoxil rowcmoadreders price viagra capsules buy natural form of viagra zoloft dizzy spells acyclovir zovirax price in philipine how to get propecia in australia mdprice.net viagra socialist realist painting how many books divalproex 500 mg tablet delayed release metformin how many mg of accutane when to take clomid to get pregnant costo cialis generico in farmacia doxycycline cause muscle twitching where to buy viagra in lahore india malaria prophylaxis doxycycline doxycycline boots price lasix in canine online pharmacy propecia no prescription amoxil 500 mg presentacion viagra generique pfizer prix canada pharmacy viagra online pharmacy where can buy cytotec viagra online north america viagra online bestellen erfahrungen friedhof metformin eating disorders keen targhee ii womens reviews on viagra apcialis in bangkok what time do i take cialis who should not use clomid ampicillin dilution 100 mgml sildenafil in pphn viagra generico panvel ciproxin 1000 mg posologia tadalafil online generic prednisone use in croup phototoxicity doxycycline treatment can you take viagra anally snafi tadalafil reviews for bodybuilding ampicillin brands in india viagra cialis dosage sos specialist in okc ok 600 mg cytotec dapoxetine for sale ukuwai cialis to come in effect pomada trok n generico de cialis doxycycline 100 mg for yeast infection cost of 100mg viagra at walgreens how much does cipro 750 mg cost priligy hereisthebestin without prescription generic prednisone not working the best foundation routine while on accutane peptazol 20 mg generico do viagra prices generic viagra compere cheap deal pill pill viagra dapoxetine 30 60 90 mg doxycycline hyclate used for staph viagra to buy in canada como usar nolvadex en un ciclo cytotec sales tulsa ok buy viagra 100 online generic viagra indian fda best cipro dose to treat a uti over counter viagra walmart does doxycycline cause facial hair propecia whartisthebestin reviews viagra generic canadian pharmacy cialis 20 mg prestazioni finasteride sales in singapore brand cialis vs cialis professional cheap viagra now mastercard buy propecia lloyds pharmacy jobs no prescription cialis at walmart are generic tadalafil safe viagra canada paypal propranolol in migraine treatment safe generic cialis dafalgan 500 mg bruistabletten bijsluiter cialis viagra jelly banana order viagra jelly use of prednisone in rheumatoid arthritis dapoxetine paypal where can i buy viagra in newcastle cost accutane walmart pfizer viagra canada pharmacy metformin safe breastfeeding mothers 40 mg dose of cialis viagra usa canada reciprocation map ccw between states buy cytotec in davao discount sildenafil viagra helps me masterbate for hours how much is cialis in philippines mercury drug 5 finasteride mg quanto costa cialis en farmacia what if i take viagra daily viagra professional 100 mg on sale clomid estrogen blocker buy viagra uk superdrug prednisone 20 mg para que es 20 mg clomid uk wo kann man billig cialis kaufen does zoloft come in 75 mg pills gts 15 brooks womens reviews on viagra is finasteride in nioxin pills cialis genericos mexico how much does one 100mg viagra cost aurochem tadalafil 20mg canada buy pct uk clomid cost of sildenafil on prescription tapering off zoloft safely removing bula da amoxilina de 500 mg ofteno prednisolone 20 mg cialis 5 mg review prednisone dose in kids lasix canada pharmacy amoxil to buy tadalafil in beijing prednisone best way to take dry eyes caused by accutane mycostatin sciroppo controindicazioni cialis buy lasix online without a prescription reviews for cialis black propranolol in stage fright nolvadex safety para q se usa sildenafil cialis 40 and 100 mg clomid information uk similarities in communism and socialism by brand viagra seldeifil on line metformin and lopid penyebab bbm cialis doang a bank where can i order 14 x 100mg of doxycycline benicar hct 40 12 5mg generic cialis is accutane prescribed in the uk best online pharmacy to order viagra safe places to buy viagra es posible quedar embarazada despues de usar cytotec sildenafil 50 mg es peligroso 5m cialis reviews does viagra increase erection size viagra of the amazon does clomid cause menopause diflucan in gravidanza viagra lasting longer in bed troche viagra reviews malaysia viagra price viagra tablets for men in karachi ciprofloxacin guercmorteo online vibramycin 100 mg prospect buy cialis miami cialis generic cheap socialist party usa voter base generic viagra capsules use of prednisone in breastfeeding mothers viagra chewable tablets finasteride 1 mg alternate days buy ciprofloxacin hcl no prescription zithromax costco auto how much viagra may i take in a month lopraz 20 mg prednisone buy viagra in melbourne vic 1000 mg zithromax for sale metformin and glipizide cost pcos clomid twins how soon before sex can i take viagra elfpack tartes w660 r8bb001 generic cialis counteract viagra headache doxycycline dose for treatment of chlamydia metformin hcl er 500 mg tab sun flower cialis online drugs doxycycline for pimples reviews how effective is metformin in weight loss diflucan for candida australia viagra dogase price sildenafil tabletten 100mg how much does genuine cialis cost 20 mg canada phsrmacy order zithromax rowcmoadreders generic pill shop viagra where to buy cialis 20mg with paypal payment option when is generic viagra due out cialis 10mg filmtabletten preis do you need a prescription for viagra in greece how long does the accutane process take cipro xr ciprofloxacino cialis prices ontario purchase viagra in london drugs tesco viagra pharmacy socialism in the military buy prednisolone acetate 1 viagra available over the counter in canada finasteride online no prescription doxycycline dosage elephantiasis how long can a person take doxycycline cialis case study ppt doxycycline uses in acne safe to take more than 20mg of cialis german hunting terrier for sale in uk zithromax where can i purchase viagra in lisbon portugal bolsa de arpillera donde comprar viagra i snort 20 mg cialis hpb finasteride 5mg get viagra india pyridium generico do viagra skin specialist in dallas buying ciprofloxacin india viagra indian tablets 500g tadalafil citrate liquid ml dosage propecia half dose effective beli cytotec online safe viagra super force dulox how long can i stay on prednisone tablets uk nexplanon implant positive reviews of zoloft how long can you take 10 mg prednisone sildenafil citrate female ciprodex otico generico de crestor do sandoz make generic viagra what websites should i buy viagra off nick villarreal la viagra dj zoloft usa prescription where to buy epistane and nolvadex sildenafil teva 50 mg prezzo in farmacia viagra for women liquid in egypt prednisolone 5 mg shortage of teachers zovirax cream online no prescription canada donde comprar cytotec cuenca ecuador cialis reviews by young men 150 mg zoloft withdrawal dizziness dapoxetine india sun pharma cranbury clomid medicine how much in saudi arabia cavalieri del reale ordine di cipro 5mg cialis best prices tengo 1 mes de embarazo puedo usar cytotec efeito do viagra generico how to buy viagra in pharmacy amlokind 10 mg prednisone how long can you take clomid for how much cialis can you take in a day la sportiva trango womens reviews on cialis priligy buy online ukash java hashmap iterator example generics for viagra que web fiable para comprar cialis es cialis help in premature ejaculation how can i get accutane cialis paypal accepted online generic viagra soft reviews american food supermarket uk viagra buy nolvadex ireland reliable pharmacy viagra generic zovirax 30mg ointment cream to buy viagra sales 2014 zoloft generic walmart benadryl nolvadex and clomid uk top which is the best viagra available in bangalore viagra cialis spam best value for generic viagra doxycycline feline dosage ml online viagra ads is it bad to take accutane viagra prices in srilanka line prescriptions viagra qual o generico de cialis for daily use amlodipine besylate 10 mg cipla viagra burana 400 mg bivirkninger av zoloft cual es el mejor generico de viagra sartan 50 mg zoloft does generic zovirax pills cause yeast buy cialis using mastercard in costa treating epididymitis with doxycycline doxycycline nausea help can you take doxycycline for acne 100 mg per dose dapoxetine whartisthebestin uses cialis 5mg le prix amoxil 125 mg syrup dispenser canada viagra customs how best to take doxycycline should i take estrogen with clomid propecia with minoxidil atoris 10 mg nebenwirkungen viagra how long does nausea last doxycycline costo de la pastilla del viagra can we use lasix injection in 1st month of pregnancy viagra price in saudia viagra 25 mg coupon girls viagra in india mankind cialis canada brand mepradec capsules 20 mg prednisone lasix in acute heart failure grupo farmacologico metformin 500 mg where can i get cytotec pills in malaysia viagra kaufen mit paypal nolvadex and clomid for pct 20 mg tadalafil or 100mg viagra nome del viagra generico in farmacia doxycycline bitter taste in mouth ciprofloxacin doxycycline together gold max female viagra uk viagra shop online india genericos do viagra comes viagra do you need prescription london priligy 30 mg hakkinda yorumlar buying clomid no prescription viagra brand name fedex where can i get dapoxetine hydrochloride can we buy ciprofloxacin in mercury drugs store onset of action of propranolol acquisto cialis generico online sicuro group generic alternatives accutane in which pharmacy can i find viagra in bangladesh dhaka clomid tqeovertoz price viagra generico sms teva doxycycline 100 mg and pregnancy metformin use in ivf appetite suppressant safe with zoloft side can i buy cialis online in australia clomid really works liquid tamox vs nolvadex for gynecomastia ciprofloxacina actavis 250 mg dandruff caused by accutane what symptoms does viagra treat priligy hereisthebestin australia is it safe to conceive while taking viagra nortriptilina 25 mg zoloft is it safe to take clomid while breastfeeding metformin cost price uk viagra viagra online shopping in australia cialis mail order catalogs walgreens generic finasteride order accutane no prescription Kiwipolitico » Blog Archive » Which Way, Huawei? (With postscript).

Which Way, Huawei? (With postscript).

datePosted on 17:25, March 30th, 2012 by Pablo

All internet architecture has the potential for use as a Signals Intelligence Intercept platform (SIGINT). Data mining already occurs at the mid-range of  IT frameworks, such as when Facebook collects personal information on users for consumer research (or more nefarious) purposes. Cell phones have GPS trackers, which requires software. The range of data-mining already at play in the commercial field is extensive. It therefore should come has no surprise that States also have an interest in data-mining, but for military, diplomatic and intelligence purposes.

If mid-level IT platforms such as FB and numerous other private agents can data-mine extensively with or without the consent of those whose personal information is being accessed, then it stands to reason that providing the basic support infrastructure for IT operations gives the provider even more opportunities at such. In a liberal market environment there are standards of conduct and protocols developed to restrict the unfettered access to private information. But what happens when a state capitalist enterprise is the provider of basic IT infrastructure?

In market capitalist systems the state serves the interests of capitalists by framing the legal and governance frameworks so as to encourage competition on an ostensibly level regulatory playing field. In state capitalist systems capitalists serve the interests of the state above and beyond their particular commercial interests. This is seen in European fascism, Latin American national populism, and in Asian developmentalism such as that of Singapore.

Huawei is the product of a state capitalist system. It was founded by and is led by former PRC intelligence officers. Although Huawei claims to be 100 percent employed owned, that is true only because the one-party authoritarian regime than rules China continues to maintain that it is Communist, which means that all employees are owners. Huawei has been designated as one of the seven national economic treasures that are considered to be essential strategic assets for Chinese power projection, and as such are subject to the strategic dictates of the ruling party. All of this is well known, and having independent local Huawei operators fronted by non-Chinese managers cannot disguise that fact, particularly when all of the components and associated hardware are engineered and made in the PRC.

The US and Australia have decided to bar Huawei from providing IT technologies to strategically important sectors of their IT markets. The US specifically excludes Huawei from any defense or security related contracts, and for that reason Symantec decided to sell its interest in Huawei USA. The Australians feel that their National Broadband Network (NBN) is too precious an asset to be opened to Huawei. They say they have their reasons, and that those reasons have to do with national security.

NZ has just signed off on several broadband infrastructure contracts with Huawei. The question is whether those responsible for the decision were aware of the US and Australian position and if so, why they choose to ignore it. The UK and Canada have allowed Huawei civilian IT contracts, which is important because they are part of the Echelon SIGINT and TECHINT network that binds the “5 eyes” parties together (along with the US, Australia and NZ). In the UK Huawei was awarded contracts for civilian IT, but that was followed by the government communications security agency running an extensive and costly forensics accounting of Huawei systems in order to ensure its cyber security, and even then cannot guarantee that the system is safe as far as covert “backdoor” entryways are concerned. This had something to do with the Australian decision.

95 percent of attempted probes into US corporate and security IT systems originate in the PRC. In the PRC all internet access is tightly controlled and monitored. Huawei is a leading provider of the IT systems used in the PRC, to include the firewalls used to censor foreign content and the tracking devices used to monitor internal dissent. Although all of this is circumstantial, this is the non-classified reason why US security agencies have decided that the company serves as a SIGINT front for the PRC. Add to that concerns about Huawei activities in foreign SIGINT gathering, and what you have is a reason to ban it from competing for security related contracts.

Of course, this could all be a corporate driven plot to preserve market share in the face of superior Chinese efficiency. Or, it could be racism. Or it could be part of the Trilateral Commission efforts to extend its world hegemony. I am agnostic on the exact reasons, but whatever they are, I sure do hope that someone in the National government was briefed by the GCSB and/or SIS on what they were. After all, as full intelligence partners with the US and Australia, one would think that these agencies would have received some of the classified details of why the US and OZ have their doubts about Huawei, and that these agencies would have dutifully reported to at least the Minister for Security and Intelligence, John Key, on the nature of these concerns.

Mind you, if the concerns about cyber espionage are true, I do not fault the PRC a bit for doing so. As an emerging great power with global economic interest and no intelligence sharing network such as Echelon on which to rely (unless one thinks that intelligence sharing with North Korea and Burma is a good counterpart to Western intelligence networks), then the PRC must–and I do mean MUST–develop its own human, signal and technical intelligence capabilities in the measure that its global interests grow. That is just the way the game is played in international security affairs.

The major sea lanes of communication between Latin American and Australasian primary good and raw material suppliers and the Chinese mainland pass through the South Pacific. It would therefore be remiss of the PRC not to seek to ensure the security of these vital channels, and one part of doing so is to have a better intelligence “grip” on what goes on in the countries through and in which they are situated. To put it in Brooklyn-ese: they gotta do what they gotta do because no one else is gonna do it for them.

That is why it would be helpful to hear a “please explain” response from Mr. Key on the matter.

Postscript: It turns out that as early as 2008 the concerns of NZ intelligence partners about Huawei were discussed in US embassy cables from Canberra (which were sent to the US embassy in Wellington, among other places). In 2010 the SIS and GCSB informed him that they could not guarantee that the broadband infrastructure would not be compromised if Huawei was awarded the UFB contract. For reasons as of yet unexplained, he choose to ignore the warnings. As it also turns out, India and South Korea have banned Huawei from critical IT infrastructure projects. Thus it seems that concerns about Huawei are not just a Western plot born of anti-Chinese xenophobia and a desire to protect market share for western businesses, but part of a wider conspiracy amongst China-haters of all stripes. Mr Key, however, is not one of those, and his meetings with Huawei executives at the 2010 Shanghai Expo is proof of that. (Note to readers: all of this has been discussed in the NZ mainstream media the past week, and the 2008 embassy cables were published by Wikileaks).

5 Responses to “Which Way, Huawei? (With postscript).”

  1. Chris Waugh on March 31st, 2012 at 00:10

    “Huawei is the product of a state capitalist system. It was founded by and is led by former PRC intelligence officers. Although Huawei claims to be 100 percent employed owned, that is true only because the one-party authoritarian regime than rules China continues to maintain that it is Communist, which means that all employees are owners.”

    I don’t buy it. Ren Zhengfei’s PLA background is cause for suspicion, but China does maintain a real difference between state, collective and private ownership. Private and collective (in ownership of rural land, for example) property rights are ill protected, for various reasons, but even so there is a huge difference in the legalities and structure of ownership between Huawei and Sinopec.

    Oh, and the Chinese government does not claim that China is Communist.

    “Huawei has been designated as one of the seven national economic treasures”

    Reference? I’ve honestly never heard such a claim ever before.

    “In the PRC all internet access is tightly controlled and monitored.”

    Well, yes, but define ‘tightly’. Anybody with valid ID can set up an account with any ISP (with the obvious exceptions – prisoners, dissidents under house arrest, etc), and anybody – requirement for valid ID depending on location (Beijing is strict, some of the inland provinces often less so) and legality of said internet bar – can walk into any internet bar and get internet access. Yes, many websites are blocked, but the overwhelming majority are open.

    “Huawei is a leading provider of the IT systems used in the PRC, to include the firewalls used to censor foreign content and the tracking devices used to monitor internal dissent.”

    So are US companies like CISCO. Given NZ’s history, I don’t see why NZ should trust any of the big powers to be acting in our interests.

    “Or, it could be racism.”

    No. You’re concerns are well founded. The racism comes into objections to, for example, the Shanghai Pengxin bid for the Crafar farms where quite a lot of the commentary was along the lines of “The Chinese are coming! Lock up your daughters! Load your shotguns!”

    I completely agree that there are perfectly valid security concerns when large Chinese companies start investing in sensitive areas in other countries. Just as China is right to worry when large foreign companies start investing in sensitive areas of China’s economy – and indeed large areas of China’s economy are off limits to foreigners precisely for security concerns (and some, like the media, for censorship concerns). I’m just not yet convinced there is any reason to worry about Huawei as much as you.

  2. Hugh on March 31st, 2012 at 01:22

    I dunno, you say you just want Key to give an explanation, but it seems given the open nature of your accusation there’s no real explanation that could answer your concerns. Given that you seem to feel that the very origin of Huawei in China is what makes them questionable, and that fact obviously can’t be questioned or denied, I think that there is no explanation that could satisfy you.

    What’s your opinion on the UK’s investigation into Huawei?

    (And yea, I would love to see a source for the the “national economic treasure” thing, too)

  3. l_f on April 3rd, 2012 at 16:58

    I suppose following that logic, everything ‘made in China’ comes under that same broad brush. Including Apple i-phones and I-pads.

    Interestingly enough, the issue of spying by law enforcement comes into play like this case demonstrates.

    With the UK (one of the 5 eyes) rolling out legislation for real time interception of electronic traffic ( which is already going on) and more revelations ; who should their citizens be really be wary of?

  4. zed on April 6th, 2012 at 23:00

    ” Ren Zhengfei’s PLA background is cause for suspicion, but China does maintain a real difference between state, collective and private ownership.”

    This is so delusional and devoid of even a modicum of insight into the nature of the Chinese regime it makes me wonder if you have any knowledge of China whatsoever.

    “… can walk into any internet bar and get internet access. Yes, many websites are blocked, but the overwhelming majority are open.”

    You missed the part out where state security functionaries shoulder surf customers to ensure they are not viewing subversive content which eluded government censors and filters.

    “I’m just not yet convinced there is any reason to worry about Huawei as much as you.”

    If we reach the point where its time to worry then NZ will have to discard a huge part of its internet infrastructure. Great.

  5. Chris Waugh on April 7th, 2012 at 00:51

    Are you for real, zed? You need to start your comment by casting doubt on my knowledge of China? Why is that?

    “You missed the part out where state security functionaries shoulder surf customers to ensure they are not viewing subversive content which eluded government censors and filters.”

    You expect anybody to take that seriously? I’ve lived in China since October 1999, and never have I seen anything that resembles state security shoulder surfing anybody. Granted, it’s been a while since I visited an internet bar, but I see no evidence to suggest state security has started shoulder surfing in internet bars – or anywhere. Why do I say this? Firstly, the number of Chinese internet users surpassed the entire population of the US several years ago. The latest figure I saw for the number of Chinese internet users was 500 million. That may be a touch exaggerated. In China we have all the usual internet options, broadband, 3G, wireless, what have you. Do you really think the Chinese government has the will, let alone the resources, to hover over each and every internet user making sure they only read and post things that are nice and harmonious? Secondly, if you know China, you will know how ‘harmony’ turned into a river crab and why the ‘grass mud horse’ was so popular. You would also understand ‘my dad is Li Gang’. You would also know why Sina and Tencent were forced to turn the comment functions on their microblog services off for several days recently.

    You seem to have missed the part where the Cultural Revolution ended in 1976 and the Gang of Four arrested and punished very soon after.

Leave a Reply

Name: (required)
Email: (required) (will not be published)
Website:
Comment: