How well did the media do on the Napier siege?

datePosted on 23:59, May 12th, 2009 by Lew

Ethical Martini asked the question on Sunday. Out of largely professional interest I watched, read and listened to the coverage on the two main TV newses, National Radio, Stuff, the Herald online and their various dead-tree editions from Thursday to Monday so perhaps I’m too close to it, but I’ve been pondering the question since, unsure how to answer because it comes down to one’s assumptions about what the media is supposed to do in such a case. That’s a tricky question.

If it’s supposed to maximise value for its shareholders, then it sure as hell did that, with garish wall-to-wall coverage and plenty of breathless speculation, really hitting the spectacle out of the park in such a way as to ensure that the name of Jan Molenaar will long be remembered as shorthand for `paranoid survivalist with guns, dope and death-wish’; our own little Ruby Ridge (but without all that annoying moral/ethical/legal equivocation).

If it’s supposed to perform a civil defence or public order function, keeping those in immediate need of information informed for the purpose of ensuring their safety, security, peace of mind, etc, then I would have thought they did a pretty decent job – from Wellington, I thought I had a pretty clear picture of what was going on, despite not ever having been to the place in question or in such a situation. Comments from those in the local area, however, are mixed on this count – and those who know Napier express some frustration at the constant mangling of street names, landmarks, etc.

If it’s supposed to be keeping the wider public informed on a matter of national significance, then I think the media did an exceptional job of keeping everyone engaged and updated with massive amounts of information, although with the proviso that much of that information was speculative at best.

If it’s supposed to act as a communication medium from authority to gunman in the sense of megaphone diplomacy, then I think it failed miserably. Although this was largely down to police command not using it in such a way, the media also framed coverage of Molenaar in the third person and spoke to his family members in othering ways, hardly making it possible to reach out to him. I think the first broadcast message I heard which addressed him directly was on Friday night.

If it’s supposed to act as a balm for a shocked nation, then I think it did a pretty good job of that as well, bolstering public confidence in the Police by portraying them as calm and disciplined rather than vengeful and reactive, and local businesses, charities, schools, Civil Defence and local government as united in solidarity, working well together for the public good, as we might hope they would in what I hope it isn’t too churlish to term `a proper emergency’.

If it’s supposed to tell us who to cheer for and who to boo at, once again it did a cracking job. You know you’re dealing with a real villain when all the people who can’t go home for their own safety are classified as `victims’ and even the people who make cups of tea for them are `heroes’.

If it’s supposed to stimulate and inform public debate on the wider political and social issues which are germane to the case – drug law, gun law, alienation, the role of the coercive arm of the state in private affairs, police doctrine and posture, the complexities of entrenched tactical operations – then it gets a bit more complicated.

On the one hand, I’m inclined to think it did an execrable job. If I may cram a whole lot of mixed metaphors in here: the lobby groups, armchair experts and those with an axe to grind on such matters have played the media like a fiddle, and the media has tuned itself up and rosined the bow to allow it. We’re going to get an awful lot of heat and precious little light. Instantly we have people calling for more guns, less guns, more guns but only for some people, guns to be licensed like cars rather than owners being licensed, the absurd notion I heard on NatRad this morning that all privately-owned firearms should be stored at a central, secure facility and be checked out and back in again. The battle of the slogans is well underway – `if you’ve nothing to hide you’ve nothing to fear’ counterposed against `when you outlaw guns, only the outlaws have guns’, for a start. And then there’s the debate about marijuana, with the frankly idiotic counterfactual that if the police didn’t prosecute minor drug crime then they wouldn’t have been in this sorry mess at all – possibly true, but only until something else brought the red mist down on Jan Molenaar.

On the other hand, the free flow of information around this case – the fact that every idiot on Your Views and talkback radio gets to listen to the so-called experts and decide what to think – should mean in principle that we have the basis for a good fact-based debate. Is not free expression via the media, with everyone putting their arguments up to be judged in a market of information, the most efficient means of determining which views have merit and which are bogus? If not, by what other means should we determine the relative merits of conflicting views and arguments?

I’m still no closer to an overall answer to the question Martin posed. I think it’s pollyanna-ish to say that the coverage did what it needed to do because everyone got a say, we all got our little reality TV fix and all the experts got a chance to climb up on their hind legs and argue the world to rights, but I think it’s curmudgeonly to decry the whole affair as a lurid farce.

What do you reckon?

L

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5 Responses to “How well did the media do on the Napier siege?”

  1. Quoth the Raven on May 13th, 2009 at 00:13

    The gun legislation issue was an interesting one. It didn’t take long for anti-gun lobbyists to come out. My thoughts are that he wasn’t licensed, his guns were illegal so what real difference will tightening our gun laws make in a case like this?
    As I usually do with crime and the media I thought the whole thing was a bit OTT.

  2. Ethical Martini on May 13th, 2009 at 07:45

    thanks Lew, something to think about. I like to leave some critical distance before writing a considered response, but I concur with your conclusions.
    A couple of points:
    One the commenters over at EM said that the local media was not quick to provide useful information about where evacuated folk could bed down for the night, etc.
    Also, the police “two shots only” claim. I haven’t gone back to do a count yet, but I saw at least two canon shots from the LAV at 5pm on the last day (via Cambo [more dead than a]Live) and some small arms fire.
    But the media swallows the official version and already this morning MR is saying that the cororner’s report is “expected” to find Molenaar died “by his own hand”.
    What about letting the coroner make that call first.

    cheers
    EM

  3. Corey on May 13th, 2009 at 19:37

    While I didn’t follow the media coverage of the Napier siege to the same extent, or with such a critical eye, it was quite clear from my perspective that the quality of journalism was mixed, at best. I wish I could say I was surprised. I second Raven’s comments above, my impression is that stricter gun laws would have made little to no difference in this case.
    In regards to Ethical Martini’s comments above: Of course I can’t be sure, but I believe the “two cannon shots” from the LAV he witnessed on Cambo were in fact discharges of the NZLAV’s grenade launcher – presumably smoke or distraction grenades, or less likely shots from a smaller mounted machine gun. The 25mm cannon on the LAV would have made quite a mess and posed quite a danger to surrounding houses.
    I’ll leave it at that, for fear of devolving into one of the many (often frighteningly irrational) armchair tactical experts that reared their unwelcome heads throughout this unfortunate episode.

  4. Ethical Martini on May 13th, 2009 at 21:49

    Thanks Corey, I defer to your greater (than mine) knowledge of military ordnance.
    BTW: There was an earlier radio report of shots being fired “from the hill” and in the context, it sounded to me like the person was suggesting they were fired down onto Molenaar’s redoubt.
    I’d love to know if anyone’s actually able to do some sort of reliable count.

  5. jcuknz on May 14th, 2009 at 08:21

    It was the typical media frenzy and I switched off from day two .. but I don’t live in the area.

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